北京大学工学院俞俊志、王龙一稿多投、数据造假

作者:北大人

  方先生,

  你好,

  最近进行文献检索,发现北京大学工学院俞俊志、王龙存在一稿多投和伪造实验数据等多项学术不端行为。看网上介绍,俞俊志是德国洪堡学者,研究员,而且俞俊志研究员是现任国家自然科学基金委员会信息学部自动化三处流动部主任。处于要职啊,有多项学术不端行为确实给自动化三处抹黑了。

  具体事实如下:

  【文章1】 Junzhi Yu and Long Wang, “Design Framework and 3-D Motion Control for Biomimetic Robot Fish”, Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control, Cyprus, June 27-29, 2005, pp. 1435-1440.

  【文章2】 Junzhi Yu, Long Wang, and Min Tan, “A Framework for Biomimetic Robot Fish’s Design and Its Realization”, 2005 American Control Conference, Portland, OR, USA, June 8-10, 2005, pp.1593-1598.

  两篇文章高度相似,相似度达到90%以上。

  例如摘要部分,【文章1】这样描述:”This paper is concerned with the design and motion control of a radio-controlled, multi-link and free-swimming biomimetic robot fish based on an improved kinematic propulsive model. The performance of the robot fish is determined by the fish’s both morphological parameters and kinematic parameters. By ichthyologic theories of propulsion, a framework taking into consideration of both mechatronic constraints in physical realization and feasibility of control methods is presented, where multiple linked robot fish propelled by a flexible posterior body and an oscillating tail fin can be easily developed. The motion control of robot fish is decomposed into speed control, orientation control and submerging/ascending control. The speed of the swimming fish can be adjusted by changing oscillating frequency, oscillating amplitude and the length of oscillatory part, respectively, and its orientation is tuned by different joint’s deflections. The up-down motion is realized by a pectoral mechanism. Our robot fish prototypes verify that the presented scheme is effective in design and implementation.”

  【文章2】摘要这样描述:”This paper deals with the design and 3-D motion control of a radio-controlled, multi-link and free-swimming biomimetic robot fish based on an improved kinematic propulsive model. The performance of the robot fish is determined by the fish’s both morphological parameters and kinematic parameters. By ichthyologic theories of propulsion, a design framework taking into consideration of both mechatronic constraints in physical realization and feasibility of control methods is presented, where multiple linked robot fish propelled by a flexible posterior body and an oscillating tail fin can be easily developed. The 3-D motion control of robot fish is decomposed into speed control, orientation control and submerging/ascending control. The speed of the swimming fish can be adjusted by changing oscillating frequency, oscillating amplitude and the length of oscillatory part, respectively, and its orientation is tuned by different joint’s deflections. The up-down motion is realized by a pectoral mechanism. The experimental results on designed prototypes verify that the presented scheme is effective in design and implementation.”

  除了个别句子变换了下意思相近的词,连主动和被动换一下都省了。文章内容高度相似。看来俞研究员为了多发表一篇会议文章也费了老大的力气。但是更“惊艳”的是合作者们:王龙和中科院自动化所谭民,全是大咖、大腕啊。

  王龙:北京大学工学院教授、博士生导师、长江学者,是“新世纪百千万人才工程”国家级人选、国家杰出青年科学基金、国家教委跨世纪人才基金、日本学术振兴基金获得者。可能不久将来就是院士的候选人啊。可惜有个一稿多投的污点!

  谭民:中国科学院“百人计划”,国家基金委杰出青年基金获得者, 新世纪百千万人才工程国家级人选,获中国科学院青年科学家奖。14年基金委创新群体,也是准院士啊。

  【文章3】Junzhi Yu, Lizhong Liu, and Long Wang, “Dynamic Modeling and Experimental Validation of Biomimetic Robotic Fish”, Proceedings of the 2006 American Control Conference Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, June 14-16, 2006, pp. 4129-4134.

  【文章4】Lizhong Liu, Junzhi Yu, and Long Wang, “Dynamic Modeling of Three-Dimensional Swimming for Biomimetic Robotic Fish”, Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems October 9 – 15, 2006, Beijing, China, pp. 3916–3921.

  首先【文章3】和【文章4】内容高度相似,这可以从文字描述和文章结构,以及主要数学公式上得到验证。例如,【文章3】中的公式(1)–(4)可以在【文章4】中的公式(1)–(4)找到一模一样的。特别地,两篇文章的图3惊人的相似,图4完全一样,【文章4】中的图7和【文章3】图6完全一样。但是,【文章3】描述是2D模型(motion of the robotic fish is analyzed only in two dimensions of the horizontal plane),【文章4】描述的3D模型,按照常理说,这2D和3D是完全不一样的。但是非常奇怪的是他们的实验结果是一模一样?难道2D等同于3D?还是作者只是把3D简单作为2D描述,从而达到挂羊头卖狗肉的目的,多发表一篇文章?对于仿生鱼流体力学,如同飞机的空气动力学模型一样,2D模型和3D模型有天壤之别,那么作者用2D的数据冒充3D的数据是不是应该归于伪造实验数据呢?

  上述所提的4篇他发表的文章被附在附件中,请您核实。

  由于该论文标明得到国家自然科学基金项目资助,按照国家自然科学基金管理条例,应该按照学术不端处理。但是,基金委通常选择性处理,只处理一些不知名的“小鱼小虾”,现在情况涉及基金委内部员工,还有有影响力的大咖,我可以非常肯定的预测:基金委一定是睁一只眼闭一只眼,最后是不了了之。不信?我们拭目以待。

(XYS20150731)

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